Berberine is a compound that can be extracted from many different plants, and the berberine compound is technically an alkaloid because it is a natural organic compound derived from plants, usually as yellow needle-like crystals with a bitter taste.
What does berberine do?
One of the main effects of berberine is to activate the enzyme AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) in cells in the body. AMPK is a very powerful enzyme in the body that is responsible for regulating the body's metabolism at the cellular level.
Normally, AMPK is activated by nutrient deficiency, which then triggers the body to upregulate glucose uptake and fat oxidation to produce the energy the body needs. While doing so, AMPK also shuts down the production of glucose and fat to help restore energy balance.
It is clear that AMPK activation can alter not only our body's energy levels but also body composition and physical performance. For example, it can lower blood sugar levels and lose fat.