What are plant extracts? What are the applications of plant extracts?

Plant extract refers to the product formed by using plants as raw materials, according to the needs of the final product use, through the process of extraction and separation, to obtain or concentrate one or more components in plants, and generally without changing the original components of plants.

According to the different components of the extracted plants, it forms glycosides, acids, polyphenols, polysaccharides, terpenes, flavonoids, alkaloids, etc., and can be supplemented with excipients to make powders or granules with good fluidity and moisture resistance.

Application scenarios of plant extract and their functions are also diversified. An extract often has different effects, but it can be roughly divided into five categories: coloring, flavor output, pharmacological effects, healthcare functions, and dietary supplements.

1. Coloring

Phytochrome is the main component of the color of plants. Some plants are extremely rich in pigments, which can be used for the extraction of pigments, such as curcumin and capsanthin.

2. Flavor output

Plant extracts are often rich in characteristic components that can effectively stimulate the senses, such as sweeteners and volatile substances.

3. Pharmacological effects

Extracted and separated from traditional Chinese medicinal materials or natural plants, it has a clear pharmaceutical active ingredient, a single active ingredient with a content of more than 90%, has a drug approval number, and can be used as a raw material for traditional Chinese medicine preparations.

4. Health function

The components in plant extracts include glycosides, acids, polyphenols, polysaccharides, terpenoids, flavonoids, alkaloids, etc. These components have been proven to have biological activity in research, and have a non-negligible effect on human health.

5. Dietary supplements

Prebiotics refer to some organic substances that are not digested and absorbed by the host but can selectively promote the growth and reproduction of beneficial bacteria such as bifidobacteria in the body, thereby improving the health of the host.